How to Steam Bread in Your Home Oven

Baking without steam directly in a conventional home oven, your dough will not rise to its maximum potential. The exterior will cook too fast, and the interior will be free of air bubbles formed by expanding the wild yeast. I will show you how to steam bread in your home oven and make your loaves rising as in a professional steam-injected oven.

There are various ways to create steam for baking bread. For a beginner is better to start baking sourdough bread in a Dutch oven which is also my favorite method. Creating steam directly in your home oven can be an option when you want to bake multiple loaves or your Dutch oven is to small for the amount of dough you want to bake. For doing this, you will need to add new tools in your baking gear.

Tools for Creating Steam in Home Oven

Firebricks or Baking Stones

Firebricks thickness will vary, but usually, they are thicker than pizza baking stones and will generate more heat. Even if during the baking process your bread will rise normally using both of them, using thin baking stone will result in a soft bread base. Look for approximately 2m thick firebricks at your local building supplier.

Rectangular Baking Pan

Steam is water. And to generate steam is the home oven you will need to place a rectangular baking pan or a roasting tin on the bottom shelf under the firebricks.

Parchment Paper

Can be a difficult task to move the dough intact onto the brisk. For this, you can get it out of the basket on a parchment paper. Doing this, the oven door will stay less open preventing the loss of the heat. You can remove the paper after 20 minutes, to make a direct contact of the bread with the bricks.


  1. Fix the firebricks or your baking stones on the second-lowest shelf of your oven
  2. Place a baking pan on the bottom shelf under the firebricks
  3. Preheat the oven on its highest temperature for about one hour
  4. Boil 400 ml water
  5. Remove the dough from the fridge and sprinkle a thin layer of flour over the dough base.
  6. Put the parchment paper on a bread peel
  7. Flip the dough from the proofing basket onto a lightly floured parchment paper
  8. Score the dough with your favorite pattern
  9. Slide the dough onto the bricks
  10. Pour the boiled hot water into the baking pan and close the oven door
  11. Bake for 20 minutes at 240 C then open the door to release the steam and for a more crusty bottom, you can remove the parchment paper
  12. Continue baking for more 20-25 minutes at 230 C until done and has a dark-golden crust.

Final Thoughts

After you learn how to steam bread in your home oven, is easier to bake more loaves together and use your Dutch oven only for a quick single loaf.

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